Year : 2017 | Volume
: 1 | Issue : 2 | Page : 57--58
Preface of heart and mind
Medical Research Center of Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, China
Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangdong General Hospital, 102, Zhongshan Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong
|How to cite this article:|
Qingshan G. Preface of heart and mind.Heart Mind 2017;1:57-58
|How to cite this URL:|
Qingshan G. Preface of heart and mind. Heart Mind [serial online] 2017 [cited 2017 Dec 17 ];1:57-58
Available from: http://www.heartmindjournal.org/text.asp?2017/1/2/57/218515
With the accelerated pace of life and fierce competition from society, the pressure from life and work is increased greatly, especially for people living in large cities. The World Health Organization's Global Burden of Disease Study found that the burden of ischemic heart disease and depression increased substantially between 1990 and 2010. People with severe mental illness, including those with depression, increase the risk of physical illness, especially cardiovascular disease. As reported, depression is common among cardiac disease patients, with 20% of patients meeting the criteria for severe depressive disorder or experiencing depressive symptoms.
A magazine of psychocardiological psychology, aimed at more understanding of many complex links between the heart and the mind (HM) disease, has become a highly active and promising field.
The understanding of psychosomatic diseases promotes the development of psychocardiology. In 1818, a German psychiatrist Heinroth first brought the concept of mind–body. In 1884, a French psychiatrist emphasized the main status of mental factor in the progress of diseases. In 1943, psychocardiology works were started by Professor Harold Wolff who found that body structure changes are caused by psychological factors. In 1980, the American Institute of Psychocardiology defined HM diseases as diseases caused by environmental–psychological stress and exacerbating physical problems. In 1998, 38 professors from around the world established “Psychological Cardiology Status and Consensus meeting.” After that, many European and American colleges and institutes did many researches on cardiology and psychology, which promoted the rapid development of psychocardiology.
Mental health problems are usually underidentified by health-care professionals and people themselves are ashamed to admit suffering from mental illness and are reluctant to seek help. That is not conducive to the correct diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. A research reports that “Depression and cardiovascular disease are currently the two most common causes of disability in high-income countries and are also expected to become more common in countries of all income levels by 2030.” It is important to acknowledge that the association between major depressive disorder and cardiovascular disease is complex and likely bidirectional. Psychocardiology emphasizes that emotional causality should be concerned and clinical prevention and treatment strategies should be switched when meet with cardiovascular disease.
As a young interdisciplinary area of research and patient care, psychosomatics is paid more and more attention, whether on epidemiology or treatment methods. Psychosomatic aspects of heart diseases are started being recognized more systematically. Although technical developments in cardiology strengthened a technically orientated self-image in cardiology, treatment attempts on psychocardiological diseases are often either purely somatic (as in most cardiology departments) or in some cases psychiatric/psychotherapeutic. Therefore, whole patient care and knowledge fusion in psychosomatics are still challenges for cardiologists to meet.
The journal of HM aims, in keeping with the humanistic values that are fundamental to medical practice, to become a preeminent source of insight for its readership on the interface between psychiatric and cardiovascular disease. It is our hope that these insights will help readers to develop the technical capacity, research capabilities, communication skills, and empathy that must all be marshaled together for the effective care of patients with psychocardiological disease.
During the first edition of HM, lots of well-written papers with good ideas were received, which enhanced the understanding of relationship between HM diseases and promoted the development of psychocardiology. Any good ideas about coronary heart disease and psychological problem will be welcomed to publish in HM. HM journal presents a wide variety of article types, including original research, editorials, reviews, discussions, interviews, clinical reports, and commentaries. All submissions should be academically rigorous, readable, plausible yet innovative, and focused on interconnections. By stimulating an interface between theory and practice, the traditional and the modern, and the psychological and the physiological, HM hopes to stimulate academic debate and to be a place where academic democracy can thrive.
I believe that HM would have a better future ahead under our joint efforts.