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 Table of Contents  
COMMENTARY
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 92-93

Correlation of health span and daily body postures from blood circulation point of view


Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan

Date of Submission05-Aug-2019
Date of Decision27-Aug-2019
Date of Acceptance28-Aug-2019
Date of Web Publication27-Sep-2019

Correspondence Address:
Yuh-Ying Lin Wang
Department of Physics, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 11677
Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/hm.hm_18_19

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How to cite this article:
Wang YYL. Correlation of health span and daily body postures from blood circulation point of view. Heart Mind 2018;2:92-3

How to cite this URL:
Wang YYL. Correlation of health span and daily body postures from blood circulation point of view. Heart Mind [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Nov 27];2:92-3. Available from: http://www.heartmindjournal.org/text.asp?2018/2/3/92/268090

Nowadays, people spend a substantial amount of time per day on sedentary behaviors, and physical inactivity becomes the biggest public health problem of the 21st century.[1],[2] The years spent with poor health and disabilities in elderly age are also increasing. There is a drive to find strategies by which health span can be increased, optimal physiological function maintained, and the trajectory toward frailty lowered.[3],[4]

A general knowledge about the essential properties of an ideal ventricular-arterial (VA) system may help people reduce the harm arising from the new lifestyle. An ideal VA system is the one which meets the optimal power saving or highest efficiency for delivering blood from the heart to the ends of all the arterioles.

The pulsatile high-speed blood ejected from the left ventricle is similar to the alternating electric current generator. However, comparing with the electric power delivering system, an ideal VA system utilizes two extra power-saving methods. First, it may select a proper heart rate to enhance the efficiency of delivering blood to the arteries of the attached organs, head, and the four limbs by utilizing the resonance concept; this has been discussed previously. Second, unlike the electric power delivering system with the transmission line as the sole actor, the VA system has two actors, the blood and the elastic wall, to reduce the energy dissipation.[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13]

Arteries in vivo have a static internal pressure much higher than their surroundings, and subject to a strong longitudinal stretching ranged from 21% to 42%.[14] Humphrey et al.[15] concluded that axial wall stress is a fundamental contributor to arterial homeostasis, and it must be given increased attention both experimentally and theoretically. In the basal state, the arterial wall possesses a large circumferential elastic potential energy and a large longitudinal elastic potential energy since both of the circumferential and the longitudinal lengths are longer than their natural lengths, respectively.

As a high-speed blood bursts from the left ventricle in a short duration, it gives the aorta not only a pulse of blood but also a pulse of energy in the form of blood kinetic energy. If the aortic wall was stiff and its radius could not be extended, this energy would be greatly dissipated after the blood traveling a short distance. Since the aortic wall is highly distensible, the extra blood causes a further extension of the nearby aortic wall, induces the radial movement of the wall and the adherent blood, while the local pressure is also changed. Thus, most of the axial blood kinetic energy is converted to the elastic potential energy, and an impulsive force is acting on the wall to initiate its low damped oscillating in the radial direction. From this instant, the aortic wall possesses most of the transferable energy and takes over the role of the first actor from the blood along the whole aorta. Only at the entry point of each attached branch will the blood temporally regain its role of initiator by bringing the pulsatile pressure and the pulsatile blood into the connected artery.

Since any power needs time to transport, the aortic radius and pressure of each small segments are not raising the same amount simultaneously along the aorta. This causes a radius gradient or a slope along the axial direction and therefore changes the longitudinal length or the longitudinal elastic potential energy of the local segments. Furthermore, due to the slope, the restoring longitudinal stress and the longitudinal tension have components in the radial direction which acting on the neighboring segments to initiate their radial movement and the accompanying variation of their circumferential elastic potential energy and the pressure of the enclosed blood. This power transmission process is very much like the stimulation of a transverse movement along a taunt elastic string with large longitudinal tension. This procedure is also valid in all arteries with high elasticity.

It was found that almost all of the work done in distending the arteries is returned later in each cycle of the heartbeat, due to the relatively small viscosity of the vascular wall.[14] Hence, the light-damped oscillation can travel along the aorta or along all large arteries with small attenuation. The superposition of all the responses initiated by the repeated blood input causes each segment of the arteries reaching a steady forced oscillatory state and manifests as a distributed steady pressure pulse after a short transient time.[9] It is only until at the microcirculations, the wall becomes stiff and the blood is driven by the axial gradient of the pressure.

From these special characters of the VA system, we may thus conclude that keeping proper longitudinal stretching and cylindrical symmetry for all the elastic arterial walls are crucial for good blood circulation. In this state, the aorta and all large arteries can have proper distributed radial oscillatory motion, and the heart can beat at a stable rate that meets the optimal frequency matching rule.[6],[8]

Each moment of our life can be better cherished if we prepare our body well before starting any daily tasks. A better understanding of the operating mechanism of various mammal systems may help us to find rules to fine-tune our bodies. For example, in order to alleviate the burden on the heart, we may take a few seconds to check whether the head and the neck are up straight with right and left symmetry; the main aorta acts as a one-dimensional string instrument by keeping its rotational symmetry and stretching the whole aorta properly; all organs are not under any abnormal bending to keep their own natural frequencies;[5] the large arteries of the four limbs are properly stretching; and our hearts are calmed and beat regularly to meet the optimal frequency matching rule. In addition, when we walk, jog, or do rhythmic gymnastics or any repetitive exercises, maintaining the same pace as our own heartbeat is beneficial based on the frequency matching concept. Thus, not only the health span [3] could be increased but also the sweetest music of each human being can also be performed; or as in Tagore's [16] poem: “When all the strings of my life will be tuned, my Master, then every touch of thine will come out the music of love.”

 
  References Top

1.
Blair SN. Physical inactivity: The biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br J Sports Med 2009;43:1-2.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Owen N, Healy GN, Matthews CE, Dunstan DW. Too much sitting: The population health science of sedentary behavior. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2010;38:105-13.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Kirkland JL, Peterson C. Healthspan, translation, and new outcomes for animal studies of aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2009;64:209-12.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Pollock RD, Carter S, Velloso CP, Duggal NA, Lord JM, Lazarus NR, et al. An investigation into the relationship between age and physiological function in highly active older adults. J Physiol 2015;593:657-80.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Lin Wang YY, Chang SL, Wu YE, Hsu TL, Wang WK. Resonance. The missing phenomenon in hemodynamics. Circ Res 1991;69:246-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Lin Wang YY, Wang WK. A hemodynamics model to study the collective behavior of the ventricular-arterial system. J Appl Phys 2013;113:024702.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Lin Wang YY, Wang WK. Anatomy of arterial systems reveals that the major function of the heart is not to emit waves associated with the axial blood motion. J Physiol 2014;592:409.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Lin Wang YY, Wang WK. From a basic principle of evolution to the heart rate of mammals. J Physiol 2015a;593:2241-2.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Lin Wang YY, Sze WK, Lin CC, Chen JM, Houng CC, Chang CW, et al. Examining the response pressure along a fluid-filled elastic tube to comprehend frank's arterial resonance model. J Biomech 2015b; 48:907-10.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Lin Wang YY, Wang WK. Why the cardiovascular studies should start with the radial oscillation of arterial wall rather than from axial flow motion of blood. Int J Cardiol 2018a;274:303.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Lin Wang YY, Wang WK. Did you know how the cardiovascular system achieves its high efficiency as a compound irrigation device and why this is relevant to future cardiovascular studies. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2018b;226:e13206.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Lin Wang YY. Did you know developing quantitative pulse diagnosis with realistic haemodynamic theory can pave a way for future personalized health care. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2019a:e13260. [Epub ahead of print] https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13260.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Lin Wang YY. Comment on “Radial and longitudinal motion of the arterial wall: Their relation to pulsatile pressure and flow in the artery”. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.99.066401.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Milnor WR. Hemodynamics. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1989.  Back to cited text no. 14
    
15.
Humphrey JD, Eberth JF, Dye WW, Gleason RL. Fundamental role of axial stress in compensatory adaptations by arteries. J Biomech 2009;42:1-8.  Back to cited text no. 15
    
16.
Tagore R. Stray Birds Poem 315. New York: The Macmillan Company; 1916.  Back to cited text no. 16
    




 

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